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Old Names for
Illnesses and Causes of Death
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Ablepsy - Blindness
Ague - Malarial Fever
American Plague - Yellow Fever
Anasarca - Generalized massive edema
Aphtha - The infant disease "thrush"
Apoplexy - Paralysis due to stroke
Asphycsia/Asphicsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
Atrophy - Wasting away or dimishing in size

Bad Blood - Syphilis
Bilious Fever - Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis
Biliousness - Jaundice associated with liver disease
Black plague or death - Bubonic plague
Black Fever - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate
Black Pox - Black Small pox
Black Vomit - Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
Blackwater Fever - Dark urine associated with high temperature
Bladder in Throat - Diptheria [seen on Death Certificates]
Blood Poisoning - Bacterial infection; septicemia
Bloody Flux - Bloody stools
Bloody Sweat - Sweating sickness
Bone Shave - Sciatica
Brain Fever - Meningitis
Breakbone - Dengue fever
Bright's Disease - Chronic inflammatory disease of kidneys
Bronze John - Yellow fever
Bule - Boil, tumor or swelling

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Cachexy - Malnutrition
Cacogastric - Upset stomach
Caducesus - Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy
Camp Fever - Typhus; aka camp diarrhea
Canine madness - Rabies, hydrophobia
Canker - Ulceration of the mouth or lips or herpes simplex
Catalepsy - Seizures / trances
Catarrhal - Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
Cerebritis - Inflamation of cerebrum or lead poisoning
Chilblain - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold
Child Bed Fever - Infection following birth of a child
Chin Cough - Whooping cough
Chlorosis - Iron deficiency anemia
Cholera - Acute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Cholera Morbus - Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. Could be appendicitis
Cold Plague - Ague which is characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing
Colic - An abdominal pain and cramping
Consumption - Tuberculosis
Congestion - Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
Congestive Chills - Malaria or Malaria with diarrhea
Congestive Fever - Malaria
Corruption - Infection
Coryza - A cold
Costiveness - Constipation
Cramp Colic - Appendicitis
Crop Sickness - Over-extended stomach
Croup - laryngitis, diptheria, or strep throat
Cyanosis - Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
Cynanche - Diseases of throat
Cystitis - Inflamation of the bladder

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Day Fever - Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness
Debility - Lack of movement or staying in bed
Decrepitude - Feebleness due to old age
Delirium Tremens - Hallucinations due to alcoholism
Dengue - Infectious fever epidemic to East Africa
Dentition - Cutting of teeth
Deplumation - Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss
Diary Fever - A fever that lasts one day
Diptheria - Contagious disease of the throat
Distemper - Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia
Dock Fever - Yellow Fever
Dropsy - Edema [swelling], often caused by kidney or heart disease
Dropsy of the Brain - Encephalitis
Dry Bellyache - Lead poisoning
Dyscrasy - An abnormal body condition
Dysentery - Inflamation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
Dysorexy - Reduced appetite
Dyspepsia - Indigestion and heartburn. Heart attack symptoms
Dysury - Difficulty in urination

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Eclampsy - Symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during laboor
Ecstasy - A form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason
Edema - Nephrosis; swelling of tissues
Edema of Lungs - Congestive heart failure, a form of dropsy
Eel thing - Erysipelas
Elephantiasis - A form of leprosy
Encephaslitis - Swelling of brain; aka sleeping sickness
Enteric Fever - Typhoid fever
Enterocolitis - Inflamation of the intestines
Enteritis - Inflations of the bowels
Epitaxis - Nose bleed
Erysipelas - Contagious skin disease, due to Streptococci with vesicular and bulbous lesions
Extravasted Blood - Rupture of a blood vessel

Falling sickness - Epilepsy
Fatty Liver - Cirrhosis of liver
Fits - Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity
Flux - An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea
Flux of Humour - Circulation
French Pox - Syphillis

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Gathering - A collection of pus
Glandular Fever - Mononeuclosis
Great Pox - Syphilis
Green Fever / Sickness - Anemia
Grippe/Grip - Influenza-like symptoms
Grocer's Itch - Skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour

Heart Sickness - Condition caused by loss of salt from body
Heat Stroke - Body temperature elevates becasue of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature. Coma or death result if not reversed.
Hectical Complaint - Recurrent fever
Hematemsis - Vomiting blood
Hematuria - Bloody urine
Hemiplegy - Paralysis of one side of body
Hip Gout - Osteomylitis
Horrors - Delirium tremens
Hydrocepalus - Enlarged head, water on the brain
Hydropericardium - Heart dropsy
Hydrophobia - Rabies
Hydrothroax - Dropsy in chest
Hypertrophic - Enlargement of organ, like the heart

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Impetigo - Contagious skin disease charcterized by pustules
Inanition - Physical condition resulting from lack of food
Infantile Paralysis - Polio
Intestinal Colic - Abdominal pain due to improper diet

Jail Fever - Typhus
Jaundice - Condition caused by blockage of intestines

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King's Evil - Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands
Kruchhusten - Whooping cough

Lagrippe - Influenza
Lockjaw - Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscules of the neck and jaw. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days.
Long Sickness - Tuberculosis
Lues Disease - Syphilis
Lues Venera - Venereal disease
Lumbago - Back pain
Lung Fever - Pneumonia
Lung Sickness - Tuberculosis
Lying In - Time of delivery of infant

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Malignant Sore Throat - Diptheria
Mania - Insanity
Marasmus - Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition
Membranous Croup - Diptheria
Meningitis - Inflations of brain or spinal cord
Metritis - Inflamation of uterus of purulent vaginal discharge
Miasmus - Poisonous vapors thought to infrect the air
Milk Fever - Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis
Milk Leg - Post partum thrombophlebitis
Milk Sickness - Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds
Mormal - Gangrene
Morphew - Scurvey blisters on the body
Mortification - Gangrene of necrotic tissue
Myelitiis - Inflamation of the spine
Myocarditis - Inflamation of heart muscles

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Necrosis - Moritification of bones or tissue
Nephrosis - Kidney degeneration
Nepritis - Inflamation of kidneys
Nervous Prostration - Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities
Neuralgia - Described as discomfort, such as "Headache" was neuralgia in head
Nostalgia - Homesickness

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Palsy - Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles. It was listed as "Cause of death"
Paroxysm - Convulsion
Pemphigus - Skin disease of watery blisters
Pericarditis - Inflammation of the heart
Peripneumonia - Inflammation of the lungs
Peritonotis - Inflammation of abdominal area
Petechial Fever - Fever characterized by skin spotting
Phthisis - Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis
Plague - An acute febrile highly infectious disease with high fatality rate
Pleurisy - Any pain the chest area with each breath
Podagra - Gout
Poliomyelistis - Polio Potter's asthma - Fibroid pthisis
Pott's disease - Tuberculosis of the spine
Puerperal Exhaustion - Death due to child birth
Puerperal Fever - Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant
Puking Fever - Milk sickness
Putrid Fever - Diphtheria

Quinsy - Tonsillitis

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Remitting fever - Malaria
Rheumatism - Any disorder associated with pain in joints
Rickets - Disease of skeletal system
Rose cold - Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy
Rotanny fever - (Child's disease) ???
Rubeola - German measles

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Sanguineous crust - Scab
Scarlatina - Scarlet fever
Scarlet fever - A disease characterized by red rash
Scarlet rash - Roseola
Sciatica - Rheumatism in the hips
Scirrhus - Cancerous tumors
Scotomy - Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight
Scrivener's palsy - Writer's cramp
Screws - Rheumatism
Scrofula - Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Progresses slowly with abscesses and pistulas develop. Young person's disease
Scrumpox - Skin disease, impetigo
Scurvy - Lack of vitamin C. Symptoms of weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under skin
Septicemia - Blood poisoning
Shakes - Delirium tremens
Shaking - Chills, ague
Shingles - Viral disease with skin blisters
Ship fever - Typhus
Siriasis - Inflammation of the brain due to sun exposure
Sloes - Milk sickness
Small pox - Contagious disease with fever and blisters
Softening of brain - Result of stroke or hemorrhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area
Sore throat distemper - Diphtheria or quinsy
Spanish influenza - Epidemic influenza
Spasms - Sudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion
Spina bifida - Deformity of spine
Spotted fever - Either typhus or meningitis
Sprue - Tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat
St. Anthony's fire - Also erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas are bright red in appearance
St. Vitas dance - Ceaseless occurrence of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntary
Stomatitis - Inflammation of the mouth
Stranger's fever - Yellow fever
Strangery - Rupture
Sudor anglicus - Sweating sickness
Summer complaint - Diarrhea, usually in infants caused by spoiled milk
Sunstroke - Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat. Lack of sodim in the body is a predisposing cause
Swamp sickness - Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis
Sweating sickness - Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century

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Tetanus - Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness
Thrombosis - Blood clot inside blood vessel
Thrush - Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat
Tick fever - Rocky mountain spotted fever
Toxemia of pregnancy - Eclampsia
Trench mouth - Painful ulcers found along gum line, Caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene
Tussis convulsiva - Whooping cough
Typhus - Infectious fever characterized high fever, headache, and dizziness

Variola - Smallpox
Venesection - Bleeding
Viper's dance - St. Vitus Dance

Water on brain - Enlarged head
White swelling - Tuberculosis of the bone
Winter fever - Pneumonia
Womb fever - Infection of the uterus
Worm fit - Convulsions associated with teething, worms, elevated temperature or diarrhea

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Yellowjacket - Yellow fever

Reprinted with permission of - the website for the Prentice descendents and all related to them.